Former Secretary of State Henry Kissinger, a key figure in shaping U.S. foreign policy during the late 20th century, has died at the age of 100.
Mr. Kissinger died at his home in Connecticut on Wednesday, according to Kissinger Associates, Inc.
A German-born American diplomat, he served as secretary of state for two presidents. While serving under Republican President Richard Nixon in the 1970s, Mr. Kissinger, Ph.D., played a key role in many significant global events.
In his later years, the former U.S. diplomat faced restrictions on his travels as other nations sought to question or arrest him regarding past U.S. foreign policy decisions.
President Gerald Ford, who referred to Mr. Kissinger as a "super secretary of state," also acknowledged his prickly demeanor and self-assurance, which critics viewed as paranoia and egotism. President Ford once remarked that Mr. Kissinger "had the thinnest skin of any public figure I ever knew."
Former Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, who served under former President Donald Trump, paid his respects to Mr. Kissinger on Wednesday.
"From the day he came to the United States as a teenager fleeing Nazi Germany, Dr. Kissinger dedicated his life to serving this great country and keeping America safe," Mr. Pompeo said.
"He left an indelible mark on America's history and the world. I will always be grateful for his gracious advice and help during my own time as Secretary," he continued. "Always supportive and always informed, his wisdom made me better and more prepared after every one of our conversations."
Born Heinz Alfred Kissinger on May 27, 1923, in Furth near Nuremberg, Germany, Mr. Kissinger relocated to the United States with his family in 1938 to escape the Nazi campaign targeting European Jews for extermination.
He anglicized his name to Henry and obtained U.S. citizenship in 1943. He served in the U.S. Army in Europe during World War Two and later attended Harvard University on a scholarship. He earned a master's degree in 1952 and a doctorate in 1954, subsequently joining Harvard's faculty, where he remained for the next 17 years.