Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Asian oil market contango boosts demand for crude, gasoline storage

Storage tanks on Singapore’s Jurong island, the center of the city-state’s petroleum and petrochemical industry.

SINGAPORE: The persistent glut that has knocked more than 50 per cent off oil prices since June has cheered tank farm companies and shipowners operating in Singapore, who are fielding increased enquiries for crude and gasoline storage space.

While the oil stocks build-up has pushed Asia's entire oil complex into contango - meaning near deliveries are cheaper than future months - the case for storage has yet to spread beyond crude and gasoline as the prompt-future price difference for other oil products cannot cover leasing costs.
"When it comes to a contango, storage guys are definitely happy," said a Singapore-based representative for an oil storage company. "But most traders are cautious and not taking huge positions. A lot of enquiries are for spot storage."

A few terminal operators in Singapore and nearby Malaysia said deals have been reached in recent days, but declined to specify the lessees as the information is confidential.

"We've got a few (gasoline) deals done for the short-term, 3-month period. The market is generally more upbeat," said a Singapore-based commercial director with a terminal operator.

The contango between the first two contract months for gasoline has widened to about $1.20 cents a barrel, from around 5 cents since December, data from pricing agency Platts showed.

Converted to a cubic meter (cm) basis, the $7.50 per cm contango is comparable to leasing costs of $6.50 to $8 a month per cm. That means the profit on a cargo bought now, held in storage for a month and sold could cover tank rentals.

Enquiries for gasoil storage have also picked up slightly as traders expect a flush of supply to widen its contango further, but deals have yet to materialise, industry sources said.

Landed storage for gasoil or middle distillates requires a contango of at least 80 cents a barrel to profit, but the price difference between the two near-month contracts is only about 10 cents a barrel.

Naphtha and fuel oil storage would make sense only at contango spreads of $10 and $6 a tonne, respectively, traders said, but they are currently running at about $4 and 25 cents a tonne.

The case for Brent crude storage is stronger, with forward prices consistently higher than prompt contracts. March Brent crude, for instance, is around $10 a barrel cheaper than contracts a year out.

As commercial land storage for crude is limited in the region, traders have hired super tankers as floating storage, mostly over a 12-month period, and this could mean a further downward spiral for crude.

No comments:

Post a Comment