Dutch company Vopak, which claims to be the world's largest independent tank storage provider, operates a large tank farm, rail, and ship dock terminal here on the south side of Houston's Ship Channel, for storing and shipping petrochemical products entering and leaving through this - the heart of the nation's largest petrochemical corridor. Vopak operates 80 terminals in 28 nations (seven are to be found in the U.S.), and employs over 6,000 people. The terminal is adjacent to the Mitsui & Co. (USA) owned Intercontinental Terminals Company, which operates 239 storage tanks, loading and unloading racks for both rail cars and tank trucks, and five tanker berths.
LONDON/NEW YORK/SINGAPORE – When the world economy slammed on the
brakes last year, there was a rush to store a wave of unwanted crude and
products, but rising prices and optimism about demand is spurring a
swift unwinding of storage contracts.
At the end of February, the volume of refined products held on stationary tankers for over 10 days stood at 19.2 million barrels, down 77% from a peak of 84 million last May, IHS Markit estimates show.
The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries and its allies, a group known as OPEC+, closely monitors global inventories, and the rate of drawdowns will be a major factor discussed when it meets on output policy on Thursday.
A year ago, traders were struggling to find storage capacity, and prices for it surged as fuel consumption plummeted. Earnings for product tankers surged to record highs above $100,000 a day last May versus less than $10,000 currently.
Remote salt caverns in Scandinavia and unused U.S. pipelines and railcars were pressed into service.
But now, capacity is again becoming available, in Northwestern Europe, the Mediterranean, Middle East and North America, brokers said.
“Parties are giving notice to terminate contracts by April-May,” said Krien van Beek, a broker at ODIN-RVB Tank Storage Solutions in Rotterdam.
Brokers in the United States are also seeing lower prices offered for storage of crude and products.
“In January the unrelenting price run-up (in oil futures) commenced, and that scared people away who had been considering taking on storage positions,” Ernie Barsamian, chief executive of the Tank Tiger, a U.S. terminal storage clearinghouse.
“We are now in full backwardation and we are seeing contracts expire without renewals,” he added.
Backwardation, where spot prices are higher than for later delivery, encourages traders to draw down oil supplies and sell promptly.
In Europe, the six-month diesel spread reached $8 a tonne on February 19 in its biggest backwardation in 13 months, Refinitiv data showed.
The spread was as low as minus $92 a tonne last April, when the world population went under strict lockdowns.
Storage capacity is expected to become available in the second quarter, especially in Scandinavia, according to ODIN-RVB Tank Storage.